Objectives of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY)

     The major objective of PMKSY is to achieve convergence of investments in irrigation at the field level, expand cultivable area under assured irrigation, improve on-farm water use efficiency to reduce wastage of water, enhance the adoption of precision-irrigation and other water saving technologies (More crop per drop), enhance recharge of aquifers and introduce sustainable water conservation practices by exploring the feasibility of reusing treated municipal waste water for peri-urban agriculture and attract greater private investment in precision irrigation system.

     PMKSY has been conceived amalgamating ongoing schemes viz. Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP) of the Department of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation, Ministry of Jal Shakti (MoJS), Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) of Department of Land Resources (DoLR), Ministry of Rural Development and the On Farm Water Management (OFWM) of Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (DAC), Ministry of Agriculture Cooperation & Farmers Welfare. The scheme will be implemented by Ministries of Agriculture, Water Resources and Rural Development. Ministry of Rural Development is to mainly undertake rain water conservation, construction of farm pond, water harvesting structures, small check dams and contour bunding etc. DoWR, RD &GR, is to undertake various measures for creation of assured irrigation source, construction of diversion canals, field channels, water diversion/lift irrigation, including development of water distribution systems. Ministry of Agriculture will promote efficient water conveyance and precision water application devices like drips, sprinklers, pivots, rain-guns in the farm “(Jal Sinchan)”, construction of micro-irrigation structures to supplement source creation activities, extension activities for promotion of scientific moisture conservation and agronomic measures

     Programme architecture of PMKSY will be to adopt a ‘decentralized State level planning and projectized execution’ structure that will allow States to draw up their own irrigation development plans based on District Irrigation Plan (DIP) and State Irrigation Plan (SIP). It will be operative as convergence platform for all water sector activities including drinking water & sanitation, MGNREGA, application of science & technology etc. through comprehensive plan. State Level Sanctioning Committee (SLSC) chaired by the Chief Secretary of the State will be vested with the authority to oversee its implementation and sanction projects.

     The programme will be supervised and monitored by an Inter-Ministerial National Steering Committee (NSC) will be constituted under the Chairmanship of Prime Minister with Union Ministers from concerned Ministries. A National Executive Committee (NEC) will be constituted under the Chairmanship of Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog to oversee programme implementation, allocation of resources, inter-ministerial coordination, monitoring & performance assessment, addressing administrative issues etc.



Components of PMKSY and its line Ministries in GoI:



·      To focus on faster completion of ongoing Major and Medium Irrigation including National Projects.


PMKSY (Har Khet ko Pani) by DoWR,RD &GR, MoJS

·      Creation of new water sources through Minor Irrigation (both surface and ground water)

·      Repair, restoration and renovation of water bodies; strengthening carrying capacity of traditional water sources, construction of rain water harvesting structures (Jal Sanchay);

·      Command area development, strengthening and creation of distribution network from source to the farm;

·      Improvement in water management and distribution system for water bodies to take advantage of the available source which is not tapped to its fullest capacity (deriving benefits from low hanging fruits). At least 10% of the command area to be covered under micro/precision irrigation.

·      Diversion of water from source of different location where it is plenty to nearby water scarce areas, lift irrigation from water bodies/rivers at lower elevation to supplement requirements beyond IWMP and MGNREGS irrespective of irrigation command.

·      Creation and rejuvenation of traditional water storage systems like Jal Mandir (Gujarat); Khatri, Kuhl (H.P.); Zabo (Nagaland); Eri, Ooranis (T.N.); Dongs (Assam); Katas, Bandhas (Odisha and M.P.) etc. at feasible locations.


PMKSY (Watershed) by Dept. of Land Resources, MoRD

·      Water harvesting structures such as check dams, nala bund, farm ponds, tanks etc.

·      Capacity building, entry point activities, ridge area treatment, drainage line treatment, soil and moisture conservation, nursery raising, afforestation, horticulture, pasture development, livelihood activities for the asset-less persons and production system & micro enterprises for small and marginal farmers etc.

·      Effective rainfall management like field bunding, contour bunding/trenching, staggered trenching, land levelling, mulching etc.


PMKSY(Per drop more crop) by Dept. of Agriculture & Cooperation, MoA

·      Programme management, preparation of State/District Irrigation Plan, approval of annual action plan, Monitoring etc.

·      Promoting efficient water conveyance and precision water application devices like drips, sprinklers, pivots, rain-guns in the farm (Jal Sinchan);

·      Topping up of input cost particularly under civil construction beyond permissible limit (40%), under MGNREGS for activities like lining inlet, outlet, silt traps, distribution system etc.

·      Construction of micro irrigation structures to supplement source creation activities including tube wells and dug wells (in areas where ground water is available and not under semi critical /critical /over exploited category of development) which are not supported under PMKSY (WR), PMKSY (Watershed) and MGNREGS.

·      Secondary storage structures at tail end of canal system to store water when available in abundance (rainy season) or from perennial sources like streams for use during dry periods through effective on-farm water management;

·      Water lifting devices like diesel/ electric/ solar pumpsets including water carriage pipes.

·      Extension activities for promotion of scientific moisture conservation and agronomic measures including cropping alignment to maximise use of available water including rainfall and minimise irrigation requirement (Jal sarankchan);

·      Capacity building, training for encouraging potential use water source through technological, agronomic and management practices including community irrigation.

·      Awareness campaign on water saving technologies, practices, programmes etc., organisation of workshops, conferences, publication of booklets, pamphlets, success stories, documentary, advertisements etc.

·      Improved/innovative distribution system like pipe and box outlet system with controlled outlet and other activities of enhancing water use efficiency.



     In Arunachal Pradesh, the Water Resources Department is the nodal department for PMKSY coordination of activities. The District Irrigation Plan (DIP) of all the districts and State Irrigation Plan (SIP) have been published (uploaded and can be viewed in the Guidelines of this web portal).

     Component-wise line departments in the State are as under:


AIBP and Har Khet Ho Pani Component

(AIBP is for ongoing Major & Medium Irrigation, Arunachal Pradesh does not have ongoing Major & Medium Irrigation projects and hence this component is not operational in the State.)



Water Resources Department




Watershed Management Component

a)    Rural Development Department


b)    Soil & Water Conservation wing of RWD



Per Drop More Crop Component


a)    Agriculture Department


b)    Horticulture Department